A study by researchers at the University of Bath has found that seal hunters in the Gulf of St. Lawrence have become more dangerous in recent decades, because of rising temperatures and changes in the ocean’s chemistry.
The research suggests that the Arctic is warming faster than any other region, as the world warms, with the warming in the polar regions increasing by nearly 0.6 degrees Celsius per decade, or 0.4 degrees Celsius every 10 years.
That’s more than the average 1 degree Celsius increase that has been measured over the past 30 years.
The study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, is the first to compare changes in climate to the number of seal species present in the Arctic Ocean.
“The number of seals on the surface is not changing as fast as in the past,” said lead author Dr. Andrew Jones, a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Earth Sciences at the university.
“But when you look at the ice sheet, the sea ice is not growing, and the warming is not slowing down.
The only way to stop that is to slow down the warming and to slow the ocean acidification.
This is where our study comes in.”
The study found that the warming caused by climate change has resulted in the deaths of nearly 2,300 seals since the late 1980s, which is roughly one-third of the number who have been killed since 1879.
The researchers believe the rapid increase in the number killed indicates that the population of seal in the area has decreased because of climate change.
They also found that a large portion of those deaths, between two-thirds and two-fifths of the total, could be linked to warming, because the warmer temperatures have caused more carbon dioxide to enter the atmosphere, resulting in an increase in acidification of the sea surface.
“There is a lot of uncertainty in the rate of change of the ocean, and that is the most important thing for us,” Jones said.
“We need to be able to measure it.”
In fact, it is the temperature increase that is most important for the number to decline, said study co-author Dr. Ian Johnston, who studies climate change at the Royal Veterinary College.
“A lot of these changes happen in the winter and in the summer.
But it’s a very different process in the Antarctic,” Johnston said.
The temperature in the ice sheets and the sea have warmed faster in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere, he said, and therefore there is a greater chance that seals in the Southern Hemisphere will be killed.
“These animals have to be moving at the speed of light,” Johnston explained.
“And in a sea ice environment, they have to move at the same speed as the ocean is moving.”
The research team is working with researchers in the U.K. and in Australia to better understand the impact of climate on seal populations. “
It’s really important that we have this research done, and because of the size of this research we can make a better prediction of what will happen to the populations of seals in coming decades.”
The research team is working with researchers in the U.K. and in Australia to better understand the impact of climate on seal populations.
The findings of the study are based on data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s Global Sea Ice Cover dataset, which records the extent of sea ice cover in the oceans every five years.
Jones and Johnston hope that the data will help scientists to better predict what will occur in the future as the climate warms.
“This study is an important contribution to understanding the impact climate change is having on the Arctic, because there are more animals than there are people in the world,” Johnston added.
“As the temperature warms there are going to be more people living in the sea.
And if we don’t have a good way to measure this, we don’ t have a way to make a good estimate of what’s going to happen to seal numbers in the region.”
This article has been updated to include a quote from the Royal Institution, which stated that the researchers’ study was based on the use of data collected by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).